What’s behind Russia and Germany expelling one another’s diplomats?

When Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, despatched a diplomat overseas as a army attaché, a small however vital ritual was a part of it. The king accepted an enterprise that the gentleman wouldn’t spy whereas on obligation. Those that sealed the cope with a handshake based mostly their excessive standing on heroic virtues. Spying was thought-about immoral by them. Nonetheless, it was not till the First World Struggle that the Scout Craft business flourished.

“In these days, diplomats had been nearly mechanically brokers,” says intelligence historian Wolfgang Krieger, professor emeritus on the College of Marburg. “Many of the intelligence work was performed by embassies.